|Commissioned by||Lead Executing Agency|
|German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ)||National Biodiversity Authority (NBA)
State Biodiversity Board of Maharashtra, Tamil Nadu and Uttarakhand.
|Lead Implementing Agency||Duration|
|Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH||November 2017- April 2020|
India is one of the 17 megadiverse countries in the world. With just 2.4% of the world’s land area, India’s biological richness is spread across a vast range of habitats and ecosystems supporting 7% of globally recorded species, including over 45,000 plants and 91,000 animal species. India’s rich biological heritage co-exists with over 1.2 billion people and about one sixth of the world’s livestock population. Protecting biodiversity is a national priority as it has the potential to enhance millions of livelihood.
Being a leading and responsible country, India has signed the Convention on Biological Diversity (CBD) in 1992 and further adopted the Nagoya Protocol in 2014. Accordingly, the Parliament of India enacted the Biological Diversity Act (BDA) in 2002. The BDA includes the “Guidelines on Access to Biological Resources and Associated Traditional Knowledge and Benefits Sharing Regulations” which entail conservation, sustainable use and fair and equitable sharing of benefits arising from the commercial usage biological resources as well as associated knowledge occurring in India.
However, the potential of the Biodiversity Act to enter into a contract with commercial users (Industries, Indian firms, etc.) That utilize the biological resources and/ or traditional knowledge has thus far not been fully exploited. This hinders the economic strengthening of communities/ providers and thus might also limit the effort towards conserving biodiversity and traditional knowledge at large.
The ABS Partnership Project aims at strengthening the capacities of the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA), selected State Biodiversity Boards (SBBs), Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs), as well as creating awareness amongst commercial users of biological resources and its associated traditional knowledge for the effective implementation of ABS mechanisms under the Biological Diversity Act 2002, in keeping with India's commitments under Nagoya Protocol on ABS.
To achieve the objective, the project works on the following approaches:
The project is implemented at the national level in partnership with the National Biodiversity Authority (NBA), with the three State Biodiversity Boards (SBB) in Maharashtra, Uttarakhand and Tamil Nadu, as well as the selected local Biodiversity Management Committees (BMCs).
Please visit the “Where We Work” section our website to find out more about the project sites.
The ABS project supports the Indian partners in achieving the SDG 15 to ensure the conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity through securing fair and equitable access and benefit sharing of biological resources. The project shows various interlinkages throughout the Agenda 2030 and therefore mirrors the integrated and indivisible spirit of the SDGs in the three dimensions of sustainable development: the economic, social and environmental. Read more here.
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