Human Wildlife Conflict Mitigation

Human-wildlife conflict brings economic losses to the tune of millions of rupees to the rural communities in India every year. The increasing frequency and intensity of such cases and the emotional stigma attached, especially to cases of killing of humans and cattle, are making the communities less tolerant to wildlife. If their concerns are not addressed, it has the potential to undermine ongoing and future conservation efforts.

Mitigation of human-wildlife conflict is becoming one of the key emerging areas for the wildlife managers as well as the scientific community. There are a number of scientific institutions and wildlife managers who are working towards population research and field implementation of the mitigation measures, and there have been some successful cases of mitigating human-wildlife conflicts in specific locations. However, the problem is yet to be addressed in a holistic manner primarily due to the technical complexity of the issue and additionally the challenges in implementing the mitigation measures.

The project “Human Wildlife Conflict Mitigation” is supported by the German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) and implemented by the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Government of India and Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ). The main objective of this project is that the local rural communities in project pilot areas are better protected against human wildlife conflict after applying agreed mitigation measures. The project focuses on developing a national strategy to mitigate human wildlife conflict, pilot application of newly developed instruments for the management of human wildlife conflicts in selected states, and facilitating capacity development of institutions and individuals for mitigating human wildlife conflict in India.

An Implementation Agreement was signed at the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change at Indira Paryavaran Bhawan, Jor Bagh Road, New Delhi. Ms Tanja Feldmann, Deputy Country Director, GIZ India and Dr. Konrad Uebelhoer, Programme Director, Indo-German Biodiversity Programme signed on behalf of GIZ, and Sh Siddhanta Dasgupta, Director General and Special Secretary, MoEFCC signed for the Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change, Government of India. Sh Saumitra Dasgupta, the Inspector General of Forests Wildlife, MoEFCC, Dr Neeraj Khera, Senior Advisor, GIZ, and Mr Farhad Vania, GIZ were also present on the occasion.