Human Wildlife Conflict Mitigation

Commissioned by Lead Executing Agency
German Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development (BMZ) Ministry of Environment, Forest and Climate Change (MoEFCC)
Lead Implementing Agency Duration
Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH December 2017- December 2021


Human-wildlife conflict brings economic losses to the tune of millions of rupees to the rural communities in India every year. The increasing frequency and intensity of such cases and the emotional stigma attached, especially to cases of killing of humans and cattle, are making the communities less tolerant to wildlife. If their concerns are not addressed, it has the potential to undermine ongoing and future biodiversity conservation efforts.

Mitigation of human-wildlife conflict is becoming one of the key emerging areas for the wildlife managers as well as the scientific community. There are a number of scientific institutions and wildlife managers who are working towards population research and field implementation of the mitigation measures, and there have been some successful cases of mitigating human-wildlife conflicts in specific locations. However, the problem is yet to be addressed in a holistic manner primarily due to the technical complexity of the issue, requirement of standard operating procedures and guidelines for managing the conflict situations, and the challenges in implementing the mitigation measures.


The project aims to provide technical support at the National level and in selected States for effective implementation of Human Wildlife Conflict mitigation measures in India.

The goal of this project is "The rural population in project areas, where agreed guidelines and tools are applied to mitigate human wildlife conflicts, is better protected against Human wildlife conflict".

In order to achieve this objective, the project focuses on three output areas :

  • Development of strategy and action plan to reduce human wildlife conflict [National level and in selected states]
  • Pilot application of a holistic approach and instruments for the mitigation of human wildlife conflicts [in three project partner states]
  • Facilitating capacity development of key stakeholders for mitigating human wildlife conflict in India [National level with focus on 3 partner states]


The project takes the approach of harmonious coexistence, by ensuring that both – human and wildlife – are protected from conflicts. This approach follows the modern wildlife conservation principles to balance the needs of people with the conservation of nature. The primary focus of the project is on developing framework and protocols, and facilitating capacity development of key stakeholders. This is for implementing effective HWC mitigation strategies in India. Among the stakeholders, the focus is also on the well-being of the most vulnerable sections of society (e.g. rural poor and women). The project takes a holistic approach in addressing Human Wildlife Conflicts (HWC) by considering the “thematic triangle” of driver-prevention-damage reduction, and facilitates cross-learning among stakeholders, sectors and different levels of project implementation- National, State and Pilot sites.


  • A study on “Situation Analysis and Capacity Needs Assessment vis-à-vis Human Wildlife Conflict in India” is being conducted by TERI
  • State-level Operational Planning workshop for Uttarakhand was conducted on 28 Feb, 2018 in Dehradun for finalizing project activities in Uttarakhand. Details of the workshop can be found here
  • A National level Operational Planning Workshop was organized on February 5th 2018 at Hotel Claridges in New Delhi to develop a common understanding of the overall project structure among the three Project Partner States- Karnataka, West Bengal and Uttarakhand, MoEFCC and GIZ and to develop the overall Operational Plan for the project (2018-21). Details can be found here
  • The project was formally launched at an Inception Workshop organized jointly by GIZ and MoEFCC at Hotel Claridges in Delhi on February 5, 2018. Details on the Inception workshop can be found here



The project contributes particularly to the Sustainable Development Goals 1 (Poverty Reduction) and 15 (Life on Land- protection of land ecosystems, sustainable resource management, biodiversity).


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For an overview of the project, please refer to the project Brochure here