Coastal and Marine Protected Areas

Coastal and Marine Biodiversity in India

With a coastline of more than 7500 km spanning 13 states and union territories, India is endowed with a diversity of coastal and marine ecosystems. These include coral reefs, sea grass meadows and man­groves, each supporting a unique diversity of species. Some of the country's charis­matic marine fauna include the Dugong, the Leatherback turtle and the Whale shark. Well-known marine wild­life spectacles in India include the world's largest nesting congregation of Olive Ridley sea turtles and the breeding aggregation of whale sharks visiting the coastal waters of Odisha and Gujarat respectively. Roughly a quarter of the country's popula­tion lives along the coast and is to a large extent dependent on its resources for their survival and well-being. The marine and coastal ecosystems in India provide numer­ous services and benefits. These include fisheries, coastal tourism, as well as pro­tection provided by mangroves and sand dunes against natural hazards such as tsunamis and cyclones. The conservation of the country's coastal and marine eco­systems, for the beneï¬�t of current and future generations, is a priority of the Government of India.

The CMPA Project

The CMPA project is one of the flagship projects of the Indo-German technical cooperation supporting the CBD’s Aichi targets. The Project is funded by the German Federal Ministry for the Environment, Nature Conservation, Building and Nuclear Safety (BMUB). It is implemented by the Ministry of Environment, Forests and Climate Change (MoEFCC), Government of India, and the Deutsche Gesellschaft für Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) on behalf of BMUB.

Project Approach

The overall goal of the CMPA Project is to contribute to conservation and sustainable use of biodiversity in selected areas along the coast of India. This will ultimately bene�t the local population depending on healthy marine and coastal ecosystems. To reach this goal, the Project strives to achieve three major results:

  • Development of participatory processes for the conservation and the management of natural resources and their imple­mentation in designated areas along the Indian coast.
  • Facilitate capacity development of key sectors and stakeholders crucial for management of coastal and marine biodiversity and protected areas. The measures are implemented at national and state level together with partners to ensure their sustainability.
  • Facilitate a dedicated information, education and communication program to sensitise key stakeholders for conservation of coastal and marine biodiversity and ecosystem services.


3 Pillars of CMPA
CMPA Chart

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